The New Monopolies
This afternoon, I'm being interviewed by a law magazine, and they've asked me to state what I think is the most important copyright issue coming in 2008. I wrote some of my thoughts down, and here they are:
"The New Monopolies"
Unless rights-holders change, we only will have one major distributor of each kind of content: one youtube, one itunes, etc.
The reason, is that the Big Media companies are only willing to license their content to the largest companies (those most likely to make it worth their time) and this serves as a massive barrier to entry, preventing competition, especially preventing upstarts from challenging the incumbents. The highly concentrated media industry only works with a few massive partners, artificially and accidentally creating a monopoly.
The other way this often plays out is that an upstart does something totally "illegal" (re: youtube), hoping to get enough money quickly to defend itself legally and use the lawsuit as leverage to "go legal" and get the licenses they need: "please don't destroy us, give us a license and let's make money together". However, more often than not, the license terms are onerous (the rights holders over-exert their leverage) and the lawsuit simply destroys the upstarts, again minimizing competition.
We see this today with Television, for instance, where new companies like Joost are having a terrifically hard time getting licenses, despite having completely modeled their business and technology around the rights-holders business models and fears. Unless the rights holders change their attitudes, we will have nothing but single monopolies in each media category.
The solution? Aggregators, such as now exists for indie record labels, such as IODA and CDBABY, can do hundreds of deals and focus on nothing but rights licensing, enabling competition. 90% of the deals won't make money for the rights holders, but if the rights holders outsource the task, this doesn't matter. Amazon's mp3 store would never have gotten off the ground if it weren't for IODA and CDBABY, who provided DRM-free music for sale to a massive catalog, allowing Amazon to create a creditable competitor to iTunes.
The alternative scenario, if the licenses aren't granted, is piracy everywhere, with consumers obtaining all the content they want, illegally, and no revenue for the rights holders.
Monopolies or piracy everywhere? Certainly we want a 3rd alternative.
Creative Commons presentation in French in Luxembourg
I worked off English language slides that I'd made, which you can download as a PDF:
it's also available at Slideshare where I've been posting all my presentations.
I gave the presentation in (somewhat halting) French, but if you understand that language, here is a video of it:
Many thanks to Patrick Pfeif^H^H^H^H^H Peiffer (inside joke) for heading the CC project and everything else as well.